Do you need to choose between Scala and Kotlin? If so, you are not alone. These programming languages have become very popular in recent years, but there can be some confusion as to which one is better for what type of project. In this blog post, we will pick up the fight between Scala vs Kotlin and compare these two languages to help you decide which one is more appropriate for your needs!
- Meet Scala
- 5 Examples of companies using Scala as their programming language
- Meet Kotlin
- 5 Examples of companies using Kotlin as their programming language
- Scala vs Kotlin: how do they compare?
- Scala vs Kotlin: what to choose, then?
- Groovy, a dynamic and scripting programming language
- Clojure, a dynamic and functional dialect of the Lisp programming language,
#2 Why use Scala?Scala programming is useful because it allows you to use the best of both worlds when it comes to object-oriented and functional programming. In functional programming, we emphasize calculating function values, their compositions, and higher-order functions. Scala uses an OOP syntax that is very similar to Java, but also provides a lot of flexibility in terms of functional programming. This means you can write your code however you want! Scala has a very strong focus on functional programming, which makes it stand out from many other languages such as Java and C++. Scala's functional approach means that you get to clean up your code because the language is built around immutability and avoiding state mutation whenever possible. This can help you write code quickly while at the same time avoiding bugs. Scala's functional programming style also results in very short functions that are easy to understand and test. You can use this approach with both small or large teams because the code is concise, efficient, and straightforward.
#3 Drawbacks of using ScalaThe first appearance of Scala was on the 20th January 2004. Scala language was created by Martin Odersky, computer scientist and lecturer, professor of programming methods at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. His specialization is the analysis of code and programming language. Currently, there are 88 versions of Scala. The latest version is Scala 3.0. Scala 3 has gained much praise for the progress and the eliminated problems that previously caused many errors for developers. Scala has a few shortcomings, but these are often out of the control of developers. Due to its functional programming style and focus on immutability, Compared to Kotlin, Scala programs can be less efficient than object-oriented Java code in terms of memory management and CPU usage. This is because it avoids state mutation while still allowing for mutable data structures under certain conditions. #Differences Scala is also a difficult language to pick up and learn because it can be very different from other languages, such as Java. This means that you will need more time to get familiar with the syntax before you become productive in Scala than if you were using an object-oriented programming language like Java or C++. Java programming is object-oriented, class-base and high-level programming language. It has been in the tech industry since 1995. The task of Java developers is to design, develop and manage Java-based compilations. The main goal of Java developers is to advance in technology using programming languages constantly. The main idea of Java is to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Thus, it allows you to create the application once and use it again without re-typing. However, despite the many similarities between Java languages, Scala stands out for its bigger flexible syntax compared to Java.
#4 What are the uses of Scala?Scala is a general purpose programming language that can be used to develop almost any type of application. Scala has been around for quite some time, and it’s being used in many different industries, including digital advertising, data analytics/data science applications, data processing, robotics automation etc. You may already know about the usage of Scala on Apache Spark (a massive parallel processing engine), Elastic Search (real-time distributed search engine) or Twitter Storm (distributed real-time computation system). Many companies are using Scala language because it provides better speed while allowing you to write clear code with fewer bugs - not to mention how easy it is to learn! If you want to build complex multi-threaded systems then this might be your best choice. There are many other programming languages out there, which can be used to do the same things as Scala, but none of them is like Scala. The Scala community is growing with each passing year. To support the community, members organize many events dedicated to the Scala language.
5 Examples of companies using Scala as their programming languageSome companies that use Scala as their main programming languages include Twitter, LinkedIn, and Klout. However, there are even more examples worth mentioning.
#2 Why use Kotlin?Kotlin is a great programming language. It is easy to learn and use. It is also more concise than Java, the most commonly used language for Android development (which Kotlin fully interoperates with). The concise syntax of Kotlin means that you need to write less code. This makes it easier for new developers on a project, as they can get up and running faster with fewer lines of code. Kotlin is also 100% interoperable with Java, which means you can mix them in the same project without any issues at all. This allows teams using Android Studio to gradually convert their projects over from Java to Kotlin if desired (although doing so will mean extra time spent revising existing code). Additionally - because of using IntelliJ IDEA for our development environment - Android Studio has excellent support for Kotlin already built-in. You just need access to some additional plugins before you're able to take advantage of this.
#3 Drawbacks of using KotlinKotlin's biggest drawback is that it does not have the same level of support as Java programming language. For example, there are fewer libraries available to developers using Kotlin than those who use Java for development purposes. However, this isn't necessarily a reason not to use Kotlin - you may find yourself creating better code with it anyway due to its increased terseness! Another potential issue with choosing between programming languages Scala and Kotlin comes down to your choice of IDE (Integrated Development Environment). For example, Android Studio supports both languages equally well now through their IntelliJ IDEA plugin system. If you choose another IDE then Scala will be easier to implement in terms of compatibility thanks to being part of standard java toolsets. It also has a larger support community base. Kotlin can be helpful with work with data processing. It is concise and readable, making work more accessible, and thanks to static typing and null safety, you will create reliable, simple code. When Kotlin and Java interact, null values may appear; Kotlin handles this with null tracking. For now, JetBrains has made five versions of Kotlin:
- Kotlin v1.1
- Kotlin v1.2
- Kotlin v1.3
- Kotlin v1.4
- Kotlin v1.5
5 Examples of companies using Kotlin as their programming languageAs Kotlin is so new, it may be difficult to find companies that are currently using this programming language in their projects. However, there are a few examples out there at the moment which include:
- Pinterest (the photo saving website),
- Basecamp (a project management platform for businesses),
- Square (a company that provides financial services and digital payments),
- Corda (is an open-source blockchain project).